LEXUS 2+2 ROADSTER CONCEPT CAPTURES THE LIGHT IN LA

2014 LA Auto Show Lexus LF C2 Concept GAYCARBOYS (1)2014 LA Auto Show Lexus LF C2 Concept GAYCARBOYS (2)

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Lexus has unveiled its LF-C2 concept car at the Los Angeles Auto Show.
The LF-C2 concept is a highly styled 2+2 layout, and was conceived as a pure and simple sports coupe.
As a roadster concept, LF-C2 does not have any kind of top covering the cabin.
The exterior styling of the LF-C2 was influenced by the way various surface shapes interact with different types of light.
LF-C2 also features Lexus’ recently adopted multi-layer paint process in golden yellow.
Exterior design
Designers created edges, planes and curvature that would allow the LF-C2 to exude a different character when seen from different angles and under different lighting conditions.
This objective when combined with Lexus’ layered paint process results in a striking interpretation of an open top luxury GT.
The brilliant, golden yellow is produced by a multi-layer paint process.
The first coat is a primer, followed by silver, a clear coat, then the yellow that reflects off the silver to give the brilliant lustre. A final top coat is then applied.
The front fascia of the LF-C2 is highlighted by a more experimental expression of Lexus’ signature spindle-shaped grille.
The concept’s grille features a refined braided mesh theme that displays Lexus’ high level of craftsmanship and changes its appearance when viewed from different angles and lighting conditions.
It sits between triangle-shaped LED headlights, a signature element of Lexus sports cars, and indicator lamps that initiate the character line of the LF-C2.
The character line sweeps through the car’s arrow-shaped body and ends at the abbreviated rear deck.
Vents in the front bumper send cool air to the brakes and help manage airflow through the body to help keep the front end stable at high speed.
The LF-C2′s profile shows a swooping line from the car’s front bumper fin to the steeply-angled A-pillar.
Small vents in the side sills direct air to the rear brakes and out the fin-like rear diffusers.
The rear end of the LF-C2 is highlighted by Lexus L-shaped taillight bulbs, an exhaust system with chrome-covered quad exhaust tips, and a new rear diffuser design.
The concept’s impactful stance is planted by five-spoke 20-inch alloy wheels.
Interior design
LF-C2 treats its occupants to a luxurious and spacious cabin that matches the sporty exterior.
The exterior extends into the cabin as the centre console originates from the rear deck and runs down the length of the cabin all the way to the dashboard.
The dashboard design presents functional simplicity with an attractive-yet-straightforward instrument cluster, a central video monitor controlled by a remote touchpad on the centre console and a classically-styled analogue clock placed between the central air vents.
The thick leather-wrapped steering wheel implies that this is a driver’s car, as do the form-fitting seats.
White-and-grey leather surfaces are soft to the touch while LED lights that run along the length of the interior below the windows.
The inviting of the LF-C2 blends the open-air excitement that results from an eye-catching roadster blended with a heavy dose of Lexus luxury.
Chief designer perspective: Yasuo Kajino
“We’ve been instinctively drawn to and inspired by those things that capture the beauty of light.
“When you put something in the right light, people see it in a way they never have before.”
LF-C2 concept dimensions

Length

4,715mm

185.6 inches

Width

1,840mm

72.4 inches

Height

1,385mm

54.5 inches

Battery Beemers Looking Sexy

BMW i8 and i3 and M3 gaycarboys (7)

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ABOVE: BMW I8 at predelivery I had to poke my nose in it

 

It doesn’t happen often, but there are times when collecting cars for evaluation reveals more than a slightly jaded writer bids for.

A Beemer is a Beemer right? No, not when it has a boot full of batteries. The new hybrid models show a new direction for the German posh-barge maker. Have a look at this for gorgeous. Mind you getting in and out requires the dexterity of a schoolboy, the wallet of an old boy and the driving ability of a wildboy.

The petrol and electric engines drive rear and front wheel individually.

Together the pair accelerates the BMW i8 from 0 to 100 km/h in 4.4 seconds*. And this with an enormous saving in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, as it uses just 2.1* l per 100 km and emits 49 g/km*.

Stay tuned for a test.

GCB

 

 

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ABOVE: M4

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ABOVE: a fleet of I3’s waiting for delivery

Fans mark Land Rover Discovery’s 25th Anniversary in new crowd-sourced Film

  • Land Rover celebrates 25 years of Discovery with crowd-sourced film featuring extraordinary owner adventures from all over the world
  • Film created using home video clips from 70 different owners across 24 countries featuring Land Rover Discovery vehicles undertaking incredible journeys in a variety of environments
  • Footage submitted from owners in over 36 countries, from day to day trips to work to epic treks across continents, all captured since the original launch of Land Rover’s versatile family SUV in 1989
  • The Discovery has been the vehicle of choice for some of the world’s most famous explorers including Sir Ranulph Fiennes, Bear Grylls, Monty Halls and Ray Mears

Sydney, Australia 21 November 2014: A unique crowd-sourced film featuring home video clips of Land Rover Discovery owner adventures from all corners of the world has been released.

The heart-warming film, created to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Land Rover Discovery, features footage of owners taking part in a variety of challenges both big and small, all captured over the last 25 years. Showcasing journeys including trekking 12,000km across Africa to those simply getting people to work in heavy snow, the film shows the Discovery assisting owners in a variety of challenging situations, including transporting them safely through blizzards and deep water, up and down mountains, over sand dunes and into the world’s most inaccessible places.

Owners from over 36 countries accepted the invite from Land Rover to submit home footage of their favourite Discovery moments. Over 1,000 clips totalling an estimated 100+ hours of footage and demonstrating the Discovery’s key qualities of strength, capability and versatility were submitted via social media and directly onto the www.landrover.com.au website. The final film includes 70 different Land Rover owners (and two dogs) from 24 countries around the world.

Dominic Chambers, Land Rover Marketing Communications Director said: “To celebrate 25 years of the Land Rover Discovery, we wanted to produce a film about the amazing journeys it has undertaken all over the world. When we started to look into it, we realised that the people who make Discovery what it is – our owners – had already made it. The story of Discovery was simply hidden in the thousands of clips shot about owner adventures all over the world. Discovery owners hold their vehicles dear to their heart and what better way to capture that passion and adventurous spirit than showcasing their own discoveries from the last 25 years.”

Land Rover owners are invited to continue to share their Discovery adventures via the Land Rover Australia Facebook page – https://www.facebook.com/LandRoverAustralia

The Audi A7 Sportback h-tron quattro

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The Audi A7 Sportback h-tron quattro

  • Expertise in fuel cell technology – A7 Sportback h-tron quattro technology demonstrator ready for real-life traffic
  • Long range – more than 500 kilometres
  • Plug-in hybrid concept with electric quattro

Los Angeles, November 19, 2014 – It sprints from 0 to 100 km/h in 7.9 seconds and on to a top speed of 180 km/h. It covers over 500 kilometres on one tank of fuel and its exhaust emits nothing more than a few drops of water.

The A7 Sportback h-tron quattro, which Audi is unveiling at the Los Angeles Auto Show, uses a powerful, sporty electric drive with a fuel cell as its energy source that operates in combination with a hybrid battery and an additional electric motor in the rear. The overall electrical system power of 170 kW is transferred to the road via all four wheels. This drivetrain configuration makes the emission-free Audi A7 Sportback a true quattro, and a new direction for fuel cell cars.

“The A7 Sportback h-tron quattro is a genuine Audi – sporty and efficient. Conceived as an e-quattro, its two electric motors drive all four wheels,” says Prof. Dr. Ulrich Hackenberg, Member of the Board of Management for Technical Development at Audi.

“The h-tron concept car shows that we have mastered fuel cell technology. We are in a position to launch the production process as soon as the market and infrastructure are ready.”

The “h” in the name h-tron denotes the chemical element hydrogen. In visual terms the technology demonstrators that Audi has brought along to the Los Angeles Auto Show basically resemble the production models. As the label with the h-tron signet reveals, this concept car now takes its place alongside the other Audi models with alternative drive principles, the e-tron and g-tron. Externally, there is no other evidence of the fuel cell that converts hydrogen into electrical power on board the vehicle.

The fuel cell
The crucial differences are beneath the bonnet of the A7 Sportback: the fuel cell in the Audi technology demonstrator is installed at the front, mirroring the conventional A7 Sportback with combustion engine. Because the exhaust system only has to handle water vapour, it is made of weight-saving plastic.

The fuel cell itself comprises over 300 individual cells that together form a stack. The core of each of these individual cells is a polymer membrane. There is a platinum-based catalyst on both sides of the membrane.

This is how the fuel cell works: Hydrogen is supplied to the anode, where it is broken down into protons and electrons. The protons migrate through the membrane to the cathode, where they react with the oxygen present in air to form water vapour. Meanwhile, outside the stack the electrons supply the electrical power – depending on load point, the individual cell voltage is 0.6 to 0.8 volts.

The entire fuel cell operates in the voltage range of 230 to 360 volts. The main auxiliary assemblies include a turbocharger that forces the air into the cells, the so-called recirculation fan – it returns unused hydrogen to the anode, thus increasing efficiency, and a coolant pump. These components have a high-voltage electric drive and are powered by the fuel cell. There is a separate cooling circuit for the essential cooling of the fuel cell. A heat exchanger and a thermoelectric, self-regulating auxiliary heating element maintain comfortable cabin temperatures.

The fuel cell, which operates across a temperature range of 80 degrees Celsius, places higher demands on the vehicle cooling than an equivalent combustion engine but achieves superior efficiency of as high as 60 percent – almost double that of a conventional combustion engine. Its cold-starting performance is guaranteed down to -28 degrees Celsius.

Plug-in hybrid
A special feature of the A7 Sportback h-tron quattro is its plug-in hybrid concept – this represents a logical

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evolution from the Audi A2 H2 and Q5 HFC test cars. It has a lithium-ion battery on board that can be recharged from the power socket by lead; with an 8.8 kWh energy capacity, it has been adopted from the A3 Sportback e-tron. It is located beneath the boot area and has a separate cooling circuit for thermal management.

This high-performance battery makes the ideal partner to the fuel cell. It can store energy recovered from brake applications and supply considerable power for full-load boosting. This paves the way for impressive acceleration, making the A7 Sportback h-tron quattro truly live up to quattro standards. Both the front and rear axles have no mechanical connections for the transmission of power. In the event of slip, the torque for both driven axles can be controlled electronically and adjusted continuously.

On battery power, the Audi A7 Sportback h-tron quattro covers as much as 50 kilometres. The battery in the rear of the plug-in hybrid can be recharged by lead. Depending on the voltage and current rating, a full recharge takes between two hours (industrial power socket/360 volts) and four hours (domestic power socket at 230 volts).

The battery operates at a different voltage level to the fuel cell. For that reason, there is a DC converter (DC/AC) between the two components. This tri-port converter is located behind the stack. In many operating statuses it equalises the voltage, enabling the electric motors to operate at their maximum efficiency of 95 percent.

The power electronics in the front and rear of the vehicle convert the direct current from the fuel cell and battery into alternating current for the electric motors to drive the front and rear axles separately.

The two electric motors, which are cooled by a low-temperature circuit together with the voltage converters, are permanently excited synchronous machines. Each of them has an output of 85 kW, or even 114 kW if the voltage is temporarily raised. The peak torque is 270 Nm per electric motor.

The electric motors’ housings incorporate planetary gear trains with a single transmission ratio of 7.6:1. A mechanical parking lock and a differential function round off the system.

The appeal of e-quattro
Driving in the Audi A7 Sportback h-tron quattro offers the full appeal of electric drive in conjunction with the new e-quattro. The silent propulsion is fully available from the off, and the fuel cell reaches its maximum output within one second at full load – a more dynamic response than a combustion engine because the entire drive system involves only a few mechanical components.

With 540 Nm of propulsive power at its disposal the Audi A7 Sportback h-tron quattro, which tips the scales at only around 1,950 kilograms, races from a standstill to 100 km/h in 7.9 seconds. Its top speed is 180 km/h – a top figure for its field of competitors. The e-quattro concept requires precise coordination of the electric motors – the technology demonstrator offers a sporty, stable and high-traction drive that is comparable to a production car with mechanical quattro drive.

A power meter – in the place of the revolution counter in the instrument cluster – informs the driver of the momentary power flow. The outer sections show the fuel level in the hydrogen tank and the level of battery charge. Graphics on the MMI monitor visualize the energy flow. When the driver presses the EV button, the technology demonstrator drives solely on battery power.

Switching from automatic transmission mode D to S increases the level of energy recovery when braking, so that the battery is charged up effectively during sporty driving. Brake applications, too, are almost always accomplished fully electrically: the electric motors then act as alternators and convert the car’s kinetic energy into electrical energy that is stored in the battery. The four disc brakes only become involved if more forceful or emergency braking is required.

The tank flap is in the right side section of the five-door coupé, concealing a filler connector for the hydrogen. Fully refueling with H2 takes around three minutes, roughly as the same as a conventional automobile. The tanks communicate with the refueling system by infrared interface and equalize the pressure and temperature levels.

Zero emissions
The four hydrogen tanks of the Audi A7 Sportback h-tron quattro are located beneath the base of the trunk, in front of the rear axle, in the centre tunnel. An outer skin made from carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) encases the inner aluminium shell. The tanks can store around five kilograms of hydrogen at a pressure of 700 bar – enough to drive over 500 kilometres. According to the NEDC cycle, fuel consumption is roughly one kilogram of hydrogen per 100 kilometres – an amount with an energy content equivalent to 3.7 litres of gasoline.

It is already the case that the A7 Sportback h-tron quattro always travels with zero local emissions. By using the renewable fuel hydrogen, it can also be used globally as a zero emissions vehicle: since 2013 Audi has been operating a pilot plant in which renewable wind power is used to produce hydrogen by electrolysis. At present, this hydrogen is still used in an additional production process to obtain synthetic methane (Audi e-gas). A future move to feed this hydrogen into a hydrogen supply and filling station network would make it available for refueling fuel-cell vehicles. This is a sound option for sustainable mobility with no emissions.

BMW X3 28i and X1 20i: Soft Roaders for the Gravelled Drive Brigade

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We normally drive a car for a full week, but offered a chance for a spin in a couple of updated BMW SUVs we thought a couple of mini-reviews would be in order. That is, mini-reviews of BMWs not mini reviews of Minis. Hope that’s as clear as mud.

First, the updated X3 28i. Remember when 28i meant 2.8litre injected engine? So do I. Once upon a time you could tell what was under the bonnet of the BMW in front of you by what was written on its bum. Nowadays, smart BMW and Mercedes Benz buyers have the model badges removed so you don’t know whether they’ve paid a lot, or a real lot, for their car.

Here are a few quick facts:

X3 xDrive20i $60,900 135kw/270Nm, 7.5L/100k, 8.6 secs 0-100, 2.0 turbo petrol
X3 xDrive20d $64,400 140kw/400Nm 5.2L/100k, 8.1 secs 0-100 2.0 turbo diesel
X3 xDrive28i $73,400 180kw/350Nm 7.5L/100k, 6.7 secs 0-100, 2.0 turbo petrol
X3 xDrive30d $77,400 190kw/560Nm 6.0L/100k, 6.2 secs 0-100, 3.0 turbo diesel

A quick spin on the freeway revealed a comfy competent SUV, which also proved to be light and nippy in the CBD crawl. That is a very important attribute for a BMW buyer. Like most SUVs there will be no off-roading involved, so 4WD not needed. The idea is to have lots of space, not to break fingernails. Some X models have BMW Xdrive which is an AWD system so gravel drives and grassy banks will be a doddle. Actually the grassy banks would probably need to be dry or there may be broken nails. Off roading breaks nails, or at least so I’m reliably informed.

The Bangle Edge has been rounded and tamed, and generally the looks less polarising. Chris Bangle’s “Polarising” looks have gradually be watered down over the last decade. “Polarising” is journo parlance for “it’s not terribly pretty but someone out there will probably like it”. Previous X models were sharp and angled and generally hacked about. You either loved the look or you didn’t, and therein lay the problem. The current X3 appeals to a much wider demographic. It’s true that there is generally more disposable money in a gay household but looks and badge are equally important.

The classy cabin is tasty. It is elegant and soothing in that Teutonic kind of way. It isn’t cosy as such, but is very comfortable and cosseting. Some have said the cockpit feel has gone but I won’t have a bit of it. The instruments wrap round the driver with everything being in easy reach, but more on that later. The leather feels soft and supple, with stitching that wouldn’t dare put a foot out of place.

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The switch gear continues that quality feel. There is a resistance to the knobs as you give them a twist, and if you fork out a few extra shillings on the 28i over the lower models, the fancier infotainment system can be had. It has a larger screen and more options in the menus. The sound is superb, and at last Bluetooth streaming is standard. Sadly two addled old motoring writers were unable to get the system to co-operate. It requires a deft hand, and time spent trawling through the user guide.

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The Heads-Up display is a must- have, but by far my favourite gadget was the I-Drive toggle. Once merely a big metal knob, is now more like a mouse with a scratch pad on top. In functions like the Satnav, the inputs BMW X3 2014 gaycarboys (9)can be made by using a finger to scribe letters and numbers instead of dialling then confirming. A right-handed finds it off using the left hand to write even the most basic letters but you no doubt get used to it and it is reasonably forgiving.

However it wasn’t all beer and skittles when it came to something as simple as tuning the radio. The FM stations were tuned to Melbourne which did us little good in Sydney. Between the two of us we were unable to work it out how to tune it, even with the user guide. Defeated and utterly useless, we retreated to stare soporifically into our lattes somewhat stupefied by hours spent trying to get classic ABC.

The drive is what you would expect from BMW. In normal mode the steering is very light, perhaps a smidgen too light. None the less you turn the wheel and the car follows without hesitation or complaint. The optional sports suspension is one that is worth having.

BMW’s current engines are a stunning surprise. They are frugal yet nippy and our 28i felt more like the old 2.8 straight six. The twin scroll turbo means the lag is gone so a small engine can act like a big one. Remember putting your foot down and being able to make a cuppa before the car takes off like a scalded cat? Twin scroll is like two turbos in one and has the ability to boost from lowdown in the rev range. It also means the fuel figures are more 21st century than 19th!

On city roads, the ride feels sophisticated and compliant thanks to the sports suspension option. I should add that our test car was loaded to the gunnels with options, $15,700 worth to be exact. That’s the price of a cheap and cheerful Kia. With that considerable investment comes considerable advantage.

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Like all BMW (and Mini) models, the options list is extensive and the prices considerable. You’d ad many shekels should you want: sunroof, traffic satnav add-on, radar cruise control, Head Up Display or automated parking to name but a few. The full options list is 4 pages long, so much of the really cool stuff is an option at cost. There are packs of bundled options which save considerably on the individual prices but I’m not sure that some of the inclusions suit most buyers. I’ve always wondered why the really desirable attributes cost so much considering auto parking can be found standard on a Commodore. Bluetooth streaming has only just been added to the “standard inclusions” list but has been standard on Hyundais for many years.

I’ve not mentioned much about the X1, but to me, there was little difference between them. They look similar but the X1 is slightly smaller and slightly cheaper.

Would I buy one? No. Let me explain:

Option 1

I love X3 a lot but with this level of option the X3 28i would be about $95,000 on the road give or take. For that price I’d probably buy the larger Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT V8 for 85k, or the Diesel Summit 6 cylinder for $75,000-ish. For that price you get a bigger car with full 4 wheel drive. Or, I’d get the Ranger Rover Evoque, just because.

Option 2 (and by far, the more likely option)

I’d buy a 1, 2, 3 or 4 series BMW with whatever door/roof combo I could get if I didn’t absolutely have to have a big wagon.

Spontaneous riding fun – versatile and emissions-free: the MINI Citysurfer Concept.

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*Note: This press release is a 1:1 copy of the original issued by BMW headquarters in Germany. No adaptations have been made to cater for the Australian market.*

• MINI presents an innovative concept providing increased flexibility for individual mobility in conurbation areas; MINI Citysurfer Concept combines the agile riding properties of a kick scooter with an electric drive and expressive design features in the style of the British premium brand.

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• Wide range of potential uses due to compact structure, foldability and low weight of just 18 kilograms (40 lbs); MINI Citysurfer Concept suitable both for use on its own and in combination with other means of transportation; easy to transport, for example in the luggage compartment of the new MINI 3 door or on buses and trains; minimum traffic space due to single-track concept, enabling spontaneous and convenient mobility even in those sections of an urban area not accessible to motorised vehicles; therefore the ideal mobility supplement for covering the distance between car park, rail or bus station and final destination.

• Auxiliary electric drive with thumb-operated accelerator and gearless hub motor in the rear wheel; electric motor power permits top speed of 25 km/h (15 mph); electric drive of the MINI Citysurfer Concept is not activated until a minimum speed is reached from the rider’s own physical thrust; motor is deactivated by means of a brake lever.

• Power supply via lithium-ion battery permanently installed in the frame; charging via 12-volt automobile socket or household socket; charging during travel by means of brake energy regeneration when brake is activated; battery management system with integrated power electronics; electric range: 15 to 25 kilometres (10 – 15 miles); use of the MINI Citysurfer Concept possible at any time, independently of auxiliary electric drive using physical strength and without rolling resistance from the motor.

• MINI Citysurfer Concept has safe, versatile and agile riding properties, large wheels with pneumatic tyres also make it suitable for bumpy paths, low foot board, stable frame and height-adjustable handlebars; three brake systems which operate independently of each other; recuperation brake via electric drive generator function, hydraulic disc brakes at the front and rear wheel; excellent deceleration and agile handling since there are no limits to the rider in shifting the centre of gravity; good all-round view and visibility to other road users due to upright riding position; folding concept with safety function for correct engagement when unfolding.

• Protection from dirt and weather impact due to trim parts and wheel covers at front and rear; extended range of potential use of the MINI Citysurfer Concept for both private and work-based mobility; additional everyday functionality with mobile phone holder and charge facility on the handle bars; use of Last Mile Navigation possible in conjunction with the MINI Connected XL Journey Mate.

• Vehicle fittings flexibly adaptable to market-specific public traffic regulations; MINI Citysurfer Concept also usable by young people going to school or travelling in their leisure time.

• Vehicle concept covers the entire range of individual urban mobility: commuting to work and school, sight-seeing and shopping, tourist excursions when on motor home, camping or boat holidays; spontaneous riding fun typical of MINI derives from the interaction between rider and electric motor when generating propulsion.

Superb fun on the road combined with minimum space requirements – this has been the principle underlying the success of MINI for 55 years. The British premium brand is now facing up to the current and future challenges posed by the traffic situation in urban conurbation areas all over the world by presenting an innovative concept for flexible individual mobility. The MINI Citysurfer Concept closes the often time-consuming gaps in the transportation infrastructure of modern cities in a way which is convenient, emissions-free and also lots of fun. As a light and compact single-track vehicle in the style of a kick scooter with an auxiliary electric drive, the concept study shows attractive ways in which its users can get directly to their final destination without having to consider traffic congestion, the shortage of parking space and the timetable intervals of local public transportation.

With a maximum speed of up to 25 km/h (15 mph) and an electric range of some 15 to 25 kilometres (10 – 15 miles), the MINI Citysurfer Concept is ideally suited for day-to-day use over short distances. The full range of the concept vehicle’s strengths especially come into their own when it is used as a spontaneously available supplement to an automobile or local public transport. Thanks to its low weight of some 18 kilograms (40 lbs) and a folding concept, it fits easily into the luggage compartment of the new MINI 3 door, for example. In a few swift moves it is ready to take the user from a car park on the outskirts of the town to their final destination in the city centre – the so-called ‘last mile’. Its compact dimensions allow the MINI Citysurfer Concept to be taken along on a bus or train, thereby expanding flexibility in urban traffic.

In presenting the MINI Citysurfer Concept, the BMW Group once again demonstrates its creativity in the development of sustainable solutions for future mobility. Flexible mobility concepts have a key role to play in confronting the challenges posed by such developments as increasing urbanisation, climate change and the scarcity of resources. Even today, more than half of the world’s population live in urban conurbation areas.

According to United Nations forecasts, this proportion will increase to more than 60 per cent by 2030. In view of both increasing individual mobility needs and changing structural conditions, the organisation and control of traffic flow in cities will be likewise subject to rising demands. As the world’s leading manufacturer of vehicles and provider of mobility services in the premium segment, the BMW Group responsibly dedicates its innovative strength to being involved the creation of future-oriented transportation concepts. With novel vehicle concepts geared towards specific target groups and needs as well as zero-emissions drive systems, it adopts a holistic approach in securing the future of individual mobility based on sustainability.

The ideal last mile solution – wherever you’re going: MINI Citysurfer Concept.

The symptoms of increasing urbanisation include a shortage of traffic and parking space in the very sections of large conurbation areas which frequently attract particularly large numbers of people. The concentration of work, leisure and shopping facilities in a few areas results in increased mobility within a limited space. Some of the practical effects of this development include traffic congestion and a shortage of parking space – phenomena which not only impair the quality of living in the areas concerned but also generate unnecessary emissions, accident risks and economically significant time wastage. In view of this, novel vehicle concepts are becoming increasingly attractive. The MINI Citysurfer Concept is tailored specifically to the kind of mobility situation in which individual travel by automobile or local public transport reaches its limitations.

With its compact dimensions, the MINI Citysurfer Concept only takes up minimum traffic space. It allows convenient mobility even in those parts of a city centre where automobiles are not permitted access.
It can also be easily combined with other means of transport. When packed into the luggage compartment of an automobile, the MINI Citysurfer Concept is available for the user to switch over to at any time. It can also be taken along in many types of public transportation and used for the last stage of a journey to get to your final destination after arriving at a bus or rail station.

Auxiliary electric drive for riding fun and convenience.

Its compact dimensions make the MINI Citysurfer Concept smaller than a folding bicycle. While the latter is powered by physical strength alone, the MINI Citysurfer Concept also has an electric drive which adds additional comfort features to urban mobility, enhancing the travel experience with a sense of innovation and fun. A brushless hub motor integrated in the rear wheel provides effective support for the rider, accelerating the MINI Citysurfer Concept to speeds of up to 25 km/h (15 mph).

The electric motor is powered by a high-performance lithium-ion battery contained in a rain and splash proof housing and integrated permanently in the frame under the foot board. This unit also includes a battery management system with integrated power electronics which controls energy feed and consumption based on both efficiency and cell durability. The lithium-ion battery provides sufficient power to allow the MINI Citysurfer Concept to achieve an electric range of 15 to 25 kilometres (10 –15 miles). When the battery is completely discharged, the electric motor is automatically switched off and disconnected from the free-wheel hub in the rear wheel. The rider can then continue to travel by foot power and without being limited by the rolling resistance of the motor.

Battery charging is also highly flexible. A special cable with the relevant plug connections allows it to be charged at a conventional household socket while a supplementary cable is provided for the 12-volt power supply in an automobile. What is more, the MINI Citysurfer Concept is able to recharge its battery during travel by means of brake energy recuperation. The electric motor acts as a generator during braking phases for this purpose. In everyday use, most deceleration required by situations on the road can be carried out entirely by means of recuperative braking.

Urban mobility of the future: nimble, agile, emissions-free.

Since electric drive enables local zero-emissions mobility, it is predestined for use in a vehicle designed for city traffic. It thereby meets the requirements for an innovative means of transportation that is able to contribute to the reduction of emissions generated by urban traffic. There are a growing number of cities in the world where, in order to improve air quality, legal restrictions apply to vehicles with a combustion engine and the use of electrically powered vehicles is promoted by all kinds of benefits. So from this point of view, too, the locally emissions-free drive of the MINI Citysurfer Concept is future-oriented in character.

In terms of the riding experience it offers, too, the electric drive is ideal for a compact and lightweight vehicle with a high level of agility and manoeuvrability in urban traffic. The electric motor’s spontaneous power delivery allows swift progress to be made with short accelerating and deceleration phases. For safety reasons, the auxiliary power of the electric motor is not activated until the rider reaches a minimum speed purely through physical thrust. This prevents the vehicle from rolling away unintentionally. The electric drive can be deactivated at any time by means of a switch in the brake lever. The particular interaction between the use of physical strength required in the lower speed range and the electromotive power which supports medium to high speeds is a factor that adds to the highly emotional riding experience.

Safe riding properties, characteristic MINI agility.

The concept study is designed in hallmark MINI style, instantly showing itself to be a versatile, agile and safe means of transportation in high-end design for spontaneous riding fun with a touch of individual style. The large wheels of the MINI Citysurfer Concept are fitted with robust pneumatic tyres with sound grip, thereby providing for a safe and also comfortable ride response not just on perfectly asphalted surfaces but also when passing over curbs, cobblestones or unsurfaced roads. The extremely stable frame of the MINI Citysurfer Concept also contributes to its agile, effortlessly controllable handling properties.

Due to the upright riding position, the MINI Citysurfer Concept provides a good all-round view of the traffic situation. The rider benefits from an excellent range of vision and visibility to other road-users is also ensured. A telescopic shaft in the front section means the handlebar height can be adjusted individually. This feature allows users of different body height to find a comfortable and safe riding position on the MINI Citysurfer Concept.

The handlebar position and the folding mechanism for stowing away the vehicle are fitted with a safety mechanism in order to ensure that the telescopic shaft and the folding joint are correctly adjusted when setting off.

Meanwhile the three independently operated brakes provide a high level of agility and safety in urban traffic. If an anticipatory riding style is deployed, deceleration manoeuvres can largely be carried out by means of recuperation at the rear wheel. What is more, both the front and rear wheel of the concept study have a powerful and precisely controlled hydraulic disc brake installed. The two decelMINI Citysurfer Concept  gaycarboys (2)eration systems are activated by means of separate brake levers on the handlebars of the MINI Citysurfer Concept. Lever travel and pressure point can be individually adjusted for both the front wheel and the rear wheel brake. The rider can support the dynamism and intensity of brake operation by shifting their centre of gravity. Due to the low position of the foot board, any change in body posture impacts directly on deceleration response.

A wide range of potential uses for diverse target groups.

The MINI Citysurfer Concept was developed for spontaneous riding fun in urban traffic and responds to the needs of various target groups in a range of different everyday situations. The innovative vehicle concept is not only geared towards fun use for individual leisure activities but is also particularly suitable as a supplementary means of transportation combined with an automobile or public transportation, as well as for commuters travelling to work and back and for other work-related mobility requirements. Generous trim elements and wheel covers provide effective protection from dirt and splash water, so use of the MINI Citysurfer Concept does not make special demands in terms of the rider’s clothing when travelling in wet weather, for example.

The flexible smartphone holder on the handlebars likewise enhances comfort and functionality in everyday MINI Citysurfer Concept  gaycarboys (5)urban life. This enables the use of a mobile phone for navigation purposes as required. A user can thus navigate precisely and conveniently to cover the so-called last mile to their final destination. This provides the ideal basis for the rider to benefit from the Last Mile navigation function offered by the MINI Connected XL Journey Mate. A charging socket integrated in the holder also means that the smartphone can be powered by the MINI Citysurfer Concept’s lithium-ion battery during travel.

The design, drive and fittings of the MINI Citysurfer Concept are geared towards allowing adaptation to the specific approval requirements in different markets. Even at the concept stage, for example, the study already has safety and lighting features which make it fundamentally suitable for proper use in road traffic.

The innovative vehicle concept therefore covers virtually the entire range of individual urban mobility. The MINI Citysurfer Concept can be used for everyday commuting as well as providing an attractive means of transportation for young people, allowing them to enjoy future-oriented riding fun both for travel to school and in their leisure time. It offers users a comfortable, zero-emissions ride through urban conurbation areas to go shopping or sight-seeing, for example – without having to get stuck in time-consuming traffic jams. And the exceptional potential of the MINI Citysurfer Concept as a supplement to other means of transport is not limited to day-to-day urban mobility. It can also be taken along on holiday trips in a motor home, camper van or boat to provide spontaneous and typically fun MINI mobility at all times.

Sexy Jag F-Type gets a manual and AWD and a 4.1sec to 100

AWD F-TYPE S Coupe gaycarboys (4)

AWD F-Type R Convertible gaycarboysAWD F-TYPE S Coupe gaycarboys (3)AWD S Blackberry   Manual S Caldera Red gaycarboys

AWD F-TYPE S Coupe gaycarboys (2)AWD F-TYPE S Coupe gaycarboys (1)

AWD F-TYPE S Coupe gaycarboys (5)AWD F-Type R Convertible gaycarboys (3)

F-TYPE S Manual gaycarboys (2)AWD F-Type R Convertible gaycarboys (2)

AWD S Blackberry   AWD R Glacier White gaycarboys

F-TYPE S Manual gaycarboys (1)

  • F-TYPE, Jaguar’s definitive full-size sports car, receives new powertrain and driveline options to broaden the range from six to 12 models
  • Torque on demand all-wheel drive (AWD) extends the F-TYPE’s performance and dynamic capability on all road surfaces and in all conditions
  • In AWD form, the 404kW F-TYPE R Coupé will accelerate from 0-100kph in 4.1 seconds, with a limited top speed of 300kph
  • Intelligent Driveline Dynamics (IDD) control strategy developed in-house to exploit maximum performance potential of AWD traction while retaining rear-wheel drive character
  • AWD F-TYPE models gain a unique bonnet design featuring a deeper ‘power bulge’ and distinctive new vents
  • Six-speed manual transmission option for rear-wheel drive supercharged V6 models delivers the purest sports car driving experience
  • Jaguar’s 404kW supercharged V8 comes to the F-TYPE R Convertible – available in both rear- and all-wheel drive configurations
  • Electric Power Assisted Steering enables even greater precision and feel and reduces CO2 emissions by up to 4g/km on the EU combined cycle
  • Torque Vectoring by Braking improves agility and – standard on R derivatives – is now available on V6 models
  • Sport Design Packs for Coupé and Convertible models enhance exterior styling and enable greater personalisation
  • The new 2016 model year F-TYPE range goes on sale from mid 2015

“The F-TYPE Coupé and Convertible already represent everything you’d expect from a Jaguar sports car – seductive design, stunning performance and amazing agility. The addition of all-wheel drive and manual transmission options to the range will further enhance the
F-TYPE’s dynamic capability and offer even greater driver reward – broadening its appeal to sports car enthusiasts worldwide.”

Phil Popham, Group Marketing Director, Jaguar Land Rover

Summary
The F-TYPE, Jaguar’s all-aluminium sports car, will in 2015 set new standards for dynamics and driver involvement with the addition of intelligent all-wheel drive (AWD) and six-speed manual transmission options, and Electric Power Assisted Steering (EPAS) standard across the range.

The fundamentals remain true to Jaguar’s core DNA of lightweight construction, refined power, perfect proportions and outstanding design – but now the F-TYPE Coupé and Convertible models deliver an even more rewarding, intuitive drive across a broader range now spanning 12 derivatives.

The latest driveline and chassis technologies heighten the sense of connection between car and driver and enable the F-TYPE to provide an even greater breadth of dynamic capability.

“Our target with engineering the all-wheel drive F-TYPE was to maintain that engaging rear-drive character that’s so important to Jaguar sports car DNA, yet offer even greater dynamic capability. The result is a controllable, exploitable and blisteringly fast performance car in all weather and road conditions.

“With the manual transmission option for the V6 F-TYPEs, we’ve gone to intricate lengths to engineer a very precise, technical and responsive level of interaction between the driver, the clutch and the transmission shift mechanism. It’s one for the driving purists – and I count myself as one of them”.
Ian Hoban, Vehicle Line Director, Jaguar

The enhancements broaden the F-TYPE range to 12 models, from the new 250kW Coupé and Convertible with the supercharged V6 driving the rear wheels through a manual gearbox, to the 404kW F-TYPE R Coupé and Convertible with the supercharged V8, AWD and eight-speed Quickshift transmission. Transmitting the V8’s 680Nm to the road though all four wheels helps the R models to accelerate from zero to 100kph in just 4.1 seconds on the way to a maximum speed of 300kph.

Integrating AWD required only subtle changes to the F-TYPE’s acclaimed styling – a prerequisite which Jaguar’s design and engineering teams worked side by side to achieve – and the enhancements give AWD F-TYPEs even more presence.

The aluminium clamshell bonnet gains a deeper central power bulge. Either side are distinctive new vents, positioned further apart and further forward than those of rear-wheel drive F-TYPEs. The AWD V6 Coupe also features unique 19-inch Volution alloy wheels in either silver or diamond-turned Technical Grey.

From behind the wheel drivers will quickly notice the extra dimension that AWD adds to performance, handling and road holding in all conditions – and especially on slippery road surfaces.

The AWD system features Intelligent Driveline Dynamics (IDD), a control system designed and developed in-house to exploit the maximum benefits of AWD without any compromise to Jaguar dynamics DNA. IDD is networked to the powertrain, rear differential and centre coupling and Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) system to provide optimum torque distribution.

Operating on the torque-on-demand principle, the AWD system sends 100 per cent of the engine’s torque to the rear wheels under normal driving conditions. This maintains the F-TYPE’s rear-wheel drive handling characteristics and also reduces parasitic losses in the drivetrain.

If the system determines that the rear wheels are approaching the limit of available grip the electronically-controlled centre coupling transfers torque to the front axle, improving traction.

Another benefit of AWD is the ability to vary the front: rear torque split to mitigate oversteer during fast cornering by providing yaw damping. Combined with even higher levels of feedback from the new EPAS system – a technology Jaguar’s chassis engineers have spent more than five years perfecting – the F-TYPE’s performance is now even more accessible and exploitable.

While Jaguar’s eight-speed Quickshift transmission offers an unequalled blend of shift speed, comfort and refinement, there will always be a select group of enthusiasts who want the satisfaction which comes from changing gear manually.

To meet that demand, the F-TYPE’s engineering team developed a six-speed transmission exclusively for the high-revving V6 and rear-wheel drive (RWD) configuration. The short-travel gear lever with a throw of only 45mm, closely-spaced ratios, and pedals perfectly placed for heel-and-toe changes define what for some will be the definitive Jaguar sports car experience.

The F-TYPE becomes the first Jaguar sports car to use EPAS. Years of development ensure that the technology is now mature enough to deliver the benchmark response and feel expected. And because the system’s electric motor provides power assistance only when needed, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions are reduced – by up to 4g/km on the European combined cycle.

The Torque Vectoring by Braking (TVbB) function first developed for the F-TYPE R Coupé is now available on all models. Integrated into the DSC system, selectively braking the inside wheels mitigates understeer, helping the driver to take the ideal line through the bend. TVbB also helps to stabilise the car and minimise steering input during manoeuvres such as emergency lane changes.

Those seeking the ultimate in style and performance will now find it in the new F-TYPE R Convertible, available in RWD and AWD form and replacing the RWD-only 364kW F-TYPE V8 S. Jaguar’s renowned 5.0-litre V8 combines direct injection and a twin-vortex supercharger to provide immediate response to the driver’s request for power. With the roof down and an open road, this engine’s unmistakable soundtrack becomes even more exhilarating.

Developing 404kW and 680Nm, the all-alloy quad-cam unit is matched exclusively to the Quickshift transmission and the choice or rear- or all-wheel drive. The extra traction of AWD enables the R Convertible to accelerate from 0-100kph in only 4.1 seconds – matching the R Coupé – before reaching an electronically-limited top speed of 300kph.

Enhancements are not limited to the chassis and driveline technology, with the instrument cluster featuring new dials and gauges.

Customers who wish to make their F-TYPE look even more exclusive have the option of a Sport Design Pack: the bespoke splitter, sills and venturi, subtly enhance the styling without affecting the purity of line which sets the F-TYPE apart in the sports car segment.

Applying composite technologies first developed in motorsport and aerospace, Jaguar has engineered a carbon-fibre roof option for the F-TYPE Coupé. At just 4.25kg, the carbon-fibre panel is even lighter than the aluminium pressing. The high-gloss lacquer finish leaves the distinctive ‘twill’ weave of the fibres clearly visible.

The new 2016 model year F-TYPE Coupé range will consist of: F-TYPE Coupé (250kW, RWD Quickshift / RWD manual), F-TYPE S Coupé (280kW, Quickshift RWD or AWD, RWD manual), F-TYPE R Coupé (404kW, Quickshift RWD or AWD).

The new 2016 model year F-TYPE Convertible range will consist of: F-TYPE (250kW, RWD Quickshift / RWD manual), F-TYPE S (280kW, Quickshift RWD), F-TYPE R (404kW, Quickshift RWD or AWD).